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Panjim is one of the best planned cities in the country, with a neat network of main avenues and connecting roads, a sewerage system, gardens and excellent Indo-Portuguese architecture. Panjim is a microcosm of Goa with a river and the Arabian Sea lapping at its feet, Khazan and salt pan lands which have now turned into the bus terminus and Patto Plaza the corporate district of Goa., from the salt pans to the coconut groves and Panjim rises up in an extremely picturesque manner to its hilltop at Altinho.

Panjim was originally a small fishing village with lots of coconut groves between creeks and fields. This capital city was a ward of Taleigao village. It so enamoured Adil Shah that he built his summer palace surrounded by a moat which was later filled up by the Portuguese when they came in to power and left Old Goa with its pestilence and disease to build a new city or Nova Goa as Panjim was called. But it was only during the early 19 th century that the city was enlarged, public sewerage, tree-lined avenues, gardens and ornamental park benches etc. The city was elevated to the status of city and became the capital of Goa by a royal decree and was known as Nova Goa.

The magnificent edifices of Old Goa were dismantled and the stones were reused to build smaller but very elegant houses for the people of Panjim and sturdy but again, elegant government buildings. Panjim with its broad tree lined avenues, gardens and beautiful buildings earned her the sobriquet, “Princess of the Mandovi”.

But all things must end, especially those who had to protect this beautiful city from the ravages of time. After Liberation the buildings of Panjim, began to lose their sparkle as those entrusted with their maintenance allowed the city to go to wrack and ruin.

Now Panjimites realize the value of its heritage and the Goa Heritage Action Group has been in the forefront of restoring Panjim to its earlier glory.

Architect Raya Shankwalker has taken photographs of some of Panjim’s old structures which have been renovated. His photographs prove that sometimes city fathers and city people can come together to bring a city to life. Raya too has played a large part in the beautification of Panjim city.

Goa Statistics

Co-ordinates: 15o29’35’’N 73o49’05’’E / 15.493oN 73.818oE

Area: 3702 km2

Capital: Panaji

Official language: Konkani

Altitude: sea level up to 1022 mts

Climate: max 36oC, min 17oC

Annual rainfall: 300 cms (average)

Population: 13, 43,998

Population density: 363/km2

Literacy rate: 82.32%

Time zone: IST (UTC+5.30)

Districts: 2

Established: 30th may 1987

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Places in Goa

Anjuna Beach

About the place :
Anjuna is a small village in North Goa and Anjuna Beach, Goa is approximately situated 18 km away from Panaji, the capital of Goa. After being drenched in the beauty of the Anjuna Beach and try to bargain in the flea market at Anjuna Beach, Goa, there is the glorious Albuquerque Mansion built in 1920, the Mascarenhas Mansion and the Chapora Fort, which are simply treat to the eyes. The Mascarenhas Mansion is an architectural amusement with rich and classic balconies. The mansion has some of the premium stained glass flowery engravings. The Chapora Fort offers a splendid view of the nearby Anjuna and Vagator beaches. The fort has been well maintained except for a few interesting ruins.

How to reach :
The nearest airport is at Dabolim, which is 29 km away from Panaji and 47 km from Anjuna. The nearest railway station is at Karmali, 11 km away from Panaji and 29 km from Anjuna. There are buses which ply every hour to Anjuna from Mapusa. For tourists arriving from Mumbai, Mapusa is the jumping-off place for the northern beaches. In Goa, the tourists can also hire bikes whose are charged approximately between Rs 250 to Rs 400 per day. This facility helps one to cover all the beaches according to your convenience.
City Info :
The brilliant scenic beauty and the architectural brilliances of its temples, churches and old houses have made Goa a strong favorite with travelers around the world. The state of Goa is much more than just beautiful beaches and the sea. It has a spirit which goes profoundly into unique history, rich culture and some of the most beautiful scenery of the nature that India has to offer. A lot of the real Goa is in its interiors, both inside its edifices and in the vicinity away from the coastal area.
The evergreen destination of Goa is a vacationist's paradise. Astonishingly beautiful blue beaches, luxurious silvery sands, wonderful flora and fauna, rich cultural heritage, fascinating churches, and marvelous temples, Goa has it all.

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