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Panjim is one of the best planned cities in the country, with a neat network of main avenues and connecting roads, a sewerage system, gardens and excellent Indo-Portuguese architecture. Panjim is a microcosm of Goa with a river and the Arabian Sea lapping at its feet, Khazan and salt pan lands which have now turned into the bus terminus and Patto Plaza the corporate district of Goa., from the salt pans to the coconut groves and Panjim rises up in an extremely picturesque manner to its hilltop at Altinho.

Panjim was originally a small fishing village with lots of coconut groves between creeks and fields. This capital city was a ward of Taleigao village. It so enamoured Adil Shah that he built his summer palace surrounded by a moat which was later filled up by the Portuguese when they came in to power and left Old Goa with its pestilence and disease to build a new city or Nova Goa as Panjim was called. But it was only during the early 19 th century that the city was enlarged, public sewerage, tree-lined avenues, gardens and ornamental park benches etc. The city was elevated to the status of city and became the capital of Goa by a royal decree and was known as Nova Goa.

The magnificent edifices of Old Goa were dismantled and the stones were reused to build smaller but very elegant houses for the people of Panjim and sturdy but again, elegant government buildings. Panjim with its broad tree lined avenues, gardens and beautiful buildings earned her the sobriquet, “Princess of the Mandovi”.

But all things must end, especially those who had to protect this beautiful city from the ravages of time. After Liberation the buildings of Panjim, began to lose their sparkle as those entrusted with their maintenance allowed the city to go to wrack and ruin.

Now Panjimites realize the value of its heritage and the Goa Heritage Action Group has been in the forefront of restoring Panjim to its earlier glory.

Architect Raya Shankwalker has taken photographs of some of Panjim’s old structures which have been renovated. His photographs prove that sometimes city fathers and city people can come together to bring a city to life. Raya too has played a large part in the beautification of Panjim city.

Goa Statistics

Co-ordinates: 15o29’35’’N 73o49’05’’E / 15.493oN 73.818oE

Area: 3702 km2

Capital: Panaji

Official language: Konkani

Altitude: sea level up to 1022 mts

Climate: max 36oC, min 17oC

Annual rainfall: 300 cms (average)

Population: 13, 43,998

Population density: 363/km2

Literacy rate: 82.32%

Time zone: IST (UTC+5.30)

Districts: 2

Established: 30th may 1987

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Places in Goa

Benaulim Beach

Benaulim Beach, Goa, is situated in south Goa on the shores of the Arabian Sea. It lies 41 km away from Panaji, capital of the Indian state of Goa. Benaulim beach is located at a distance of only 2 km from Colva beach. After visiting Colva Beach in Goa, the next stop is destined to be Benaulim Beach. Goa Benaulim Beach is a very quiet beach, so if one wants to enjoy reading an interesting book in absolute peace and serenity, then Goa Benaulim Beach is the place to be.

How to reach :
The nearest airport to reach the Benaulim Beach in Goa is at Dabolim, which is located at a distance of 29 km away from Panaji and 70 km from Benaulim. The nearest railway station is at Karmali, 11 km away from Panaji. Panaji is at a distance of 41 km away from Benaulim. There are regular buses from Colva, which is 2 km from Benaulim beach, plying to and from Margao from where one can take a bus to Panaji, which is 33 km more ahead.
City Info :
The brilliant scenic beauty and the architectural brilliances of its temples, churches and old houses have made Goa a strong favorite with travelers around the world. The state of Goa is much more than just beautiful beaches and the sea. It has a spirit which goes profoundly into unique history, rich culture and some of the most beautiful scenery of the nature that India has to offer. A lot of the real Goa is in its interiors, both inside its edifices and in the vicinity away from the coastal area.
The evergreen destination of Goa is a vacationist's paradise. Goa has everything right from amazingly beautiful blue beaches, luxurious silvery sands, wonderful flora and fauna, rich cultural heritage, fascinating churches, and marvelous temples.

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