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Panjim is one of the best planned cities in the country, with a neat network of main avenues and connecting roads, a sewerage system, gardens and excellent Indo-Portuguese architecture. Panjim is a microcosm of Goa with a river and the Arabian Sea lapping at its feet, Khazan and salt pan lands which have now turned into the bus terminus and Patto Plaza the corporate district of Goa., from the salt pans to the coconut groves and Panjim rises up in an extremely picturesque manner to its hilltop at Altinho.

Panjim was originally a small fishing village with lots of coconut groves between creeks and fields. This capital city was a ward of Taleigao village. It so enamoured Adil Shah that he built his summer palace surrounded by a moat which was later filled up by the Portuguese when they came in to power and left Old Goa with its pestilence and disease to build a new city or Nova Goa as Panjim was called. But it was only during the early 19 th century that the city was enlarged, public sewerage, tree-lined avenues, gardens and ornamental park benches etc. The city was elevated to the status of city and became the capital of Goa by a royal decree and was known as Nova Goa.

The magnificent edifices of Old Goa were dismantled and the stones were reused to build smaller but very elegant houses for the people of Panjim and sturdy but again, elegant government buildings. Panjim with its broad tree lined avenues, gardens and beautiful buildings earned her the sobriquet, “Princess of the Mandovi”.

But all things must end, especially those who had to protect this beautiful city from the ravages of time. After Liberation the buildings of Panjim, began to lose their sparkle as those entrusted with their maintenance allowed the city to go to wrack and ruin.

Now Panjimites realize the value of its heritage and the Goa Heritage Action Group has been in the forefront of restoring Panjim to its earlier glory.

Architect Raya Shankwalker has taken photographs of some of Panjim’s old structures which have been renovated. His photographs prove that sometimes city fathers and city people can come together to bring a city to life. Raya too has played a large part in the beautification of Panjim city.

Goa Statistics

Co-ordinates: 15o29’35’’N 73o49’05’’E / 15.493oN 73.818oE

Area: 3702 km2

Capital: Panaji

Official language: Konkani

Altitude: sea level up to 1022 mts

Climate: max 36oC, min 17oC

Annual rainfall: 300 cms (average)

Population: 13, 43,998

Population density: 363/km2

Literacy rate: 82.32%

Time zone: IST (UTC+5.30)

Districts: 2

Established: 30th may 1987

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Places in Goa

Chapora Beach

Chapora Beach, undisputedly one of the best beaches of Goa strikes a chord in the heart of every visitor with its white sandy stretch, its azure expanse, its black lava rocks and its swaying palms. It is an eternal favorite for all those who love the sand and the surf.

The Chapora Beach is considered to be fairly safe and one can unhesitatingly and fearlessly take a bath here. In fact it is very difficult to resist the tempting waves. You are sure to be lured by them. However it is advisable to seek the help of the life guards because the undercurrents are sometimes very strong.
The small stalls at the Chapora Beach sell mouth watering Goan delicacies. Make sure to try out "Bebinca", its taste is sure to linger in your mouths long after you've finished eating. Some shops also sell artifacts, antiques and trinkets, mostly made out of sea shells. They do not just make lovely presents, they can also be taken back home as decorative items to adorn the interiors of your rooms. Days later when you look at them, you are sure to remember with fondness the enjoyable times you spent at the Chapora Beach.
You can laze in the beach, but also make sure to check out the Chapora Fort. Built 500 years ago, this Portuguese fort is reachable after a hard climb but once you are there, you are sure to be absolutely overwhelmed by the views it offers of the sea, the green carpeted hills and the rice fields.
How to reach :
The nearest railway station is Karmali and the nearest airport is Dabolim. From both these transit points as well as from other important points of Goa buses to Chapora Beach is available at frequent intervals. You can also take a taxi from the railway station and airport.
City Info :
Goa, one of the foremost beach destinations of the country was formerly a Portuguese colony. It became an integral part of India in 1960. It is a place where the ambience is always filled with fun and frolic. The atmosphere is one of unrestrained mirth and consequently it's a great place to unwind. Other than the beaches and the sea, there are also many temples and churches in Goa that are all major tourist attractions.

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