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Panjim is one of the best planned cities in the country, with a neat network of main avenues and connecting roads, a sewerage system, gardens and excellent Indo-Portuguese architecture. Panjim is a microcosm of Goa with a river and the Arabian Sea lapping at its feet, Khazan and salt pan lands which have now turned into the bus terminus and Patto Plaza the corporate district of Goa., from the salt pans to the coconut groves and Panjim rises up in an extremely picturesque manner to its hilltop at Altinho.

Panjim was originally a small fishing village with lots of coconut groves between creeks and fields. This capital city was a ward of Taleigao village. It so enamoured Adil Shah that he built his summer palace surrounded by a moat which was later filled up by the Portuguese when they came in to power and left Old Goa with its pestilence and disease to build a new city or Nova Goa as Panjim was called. But it was only during the early 19 th century that the city was enlarged, public sewerage, tree-lined avenues, gardens and ornamental park benches etc. The city was elevated to the status of city and became the capital of Goa by a royal decree and was known as Nova Goa.

The magnificent edifices of Old Goa were dismantled and the stones were reused to build smaller but very elegant houses for the people of Panjim and sturdy but again, elegant government buildings. Panjim with its broad tree lined avenues, gardens and beautiful buildings earned her the sobriquet, “Princess of the Mandovi”.

But all things must end, especially those who had to protect this beautiful city from the ravages of time. After Liberation the buildings of Panjim, began to lose their sparkle as those entrusted with their maintenance allowed the city to go to wrack and ruin.

Now Panjimites realize the value of its heritage and the Goa Heritage Action Group has been in the forefront of restoring Panjim to its earlier glory.

Architect Raya Shankwalker has taken photographs of some of Panjim’s old structures which have been renovated. His photographs prove that sometimes city fathers and city people can come together to bring a city to life. Raya too has played a large part in the beautification of Panjim city.

Goa Statistics

Co-ordinates: 15o29’35’’N 73o49’05’’E / 15.493oN 73.818oE

Area: 3702 km2

Capital: Panaji

Official language: Konkani

Altitude: sea level up to 1022 mts

Climate: max 36oC, min 17oC

Annual rainfall: 300 cms (average)

Population: 13, 43,998

Population density: 363/km2

Literacy rate: 82.32%

Time zone: IST (UTC+5.30)

Districts: 2

Established: 30th may 1987

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Places in Goa

Vagator Beach

Vagator Beach is considered to be a most stunning beach in Goa. It is conveniently separated from another gorgeous beach called Anjuna by cliff tops and parched grasslands. Dotted with numerous dilapidated farmhouses and beautiful Portuguese bungalows, Vagator Beach Goa is a picture perfect place to bask in ideal holiday mood in Goa. On Vagator Beach, Goa famous Chapora Fort is also situated. Its invincible red ramparts very beautifully grace the white sandy expanse of the beach. This apart, Vagator Beach in Goa has a very pristine and relaxed ambience. Hence it is again a good place to throw party and enjoy unrestrained hours of revelry.

How to Reach:
To reach Vagator Beach from Panaji first you need to catch bus to Mapusa beach. The bus stand in Mapusa is located on the main road and is about 1 km from the beach. KTC bus station is the closest interstate bus station at Mapusa. However, if you are coming from Calangute or Baga, then it is advised to take a taxi or a motorcycle as direct buses from these two spots are not available.
City Info:
Situated on the western coast of India in the coastal belt called Konkan, Goa is popularly called by different names such as "Rome of the East", "Tourist Paradise" and "Pearl of the Orient". All these phrases stand true for Goa as it has so many things to offer to its travelers and visitors. Its mesmerizing beaches, Portuguese architectures, ancient monuments, holy Hindu temples and renowned churches are simply the ones that define the elegance and vibrancy of the state.

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